Insurance Underwriting Factors | Insurance

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Insurance underwriting factors

Insurance contract A term that refers to the process of determining risk for potential insurance customers. Each insurance company has its own underwriting guidelines.

What is Insurance Underwriting?

When you apply for any insurance — health insurance, auto insurance, property and casualty insurance, life insurance, etc. — you set up a process. Each insurance company has an underwriting department that reviews the application and assesses the risk the applicant poses. Using actuarial tables and information obtained from other sources that you provide or are legally allowed to access (your credit record, driving record, claims history, and Medical Information Bureau file, for example), the guarantor decides whether or not to pay you. principle. If you are determined to be insurable, the underwriter will decide how much coverage to provide you, how much to charge for it, and what exclusions or limits, if any, should be included in your policy.

The basic job of an insurance underwriter is to protect the insurance company from loss, by not selling policies that represent above-average risk or by overpaying the risk and charging higher-than-average premiums. Risk and exposure. These include denying car insurance or homeowner insurance to a drunk driver or convicted arsonist, respectively, charging higher premiums for homeowners insurance in hurricane-ravaged Florida, or charging an elderly person higher life insurance premiums. If you’re in the rejected or high-risk category, it may not seem fair to you, but better underwriting practices help lower insurance costs for applicants who represent preferred risk.

Insurance underwriting for different companies

Each insurance company has its own standard underwriting guidelines. For certain types of high-volume insurance, such as automobile coverage, where the policies are more standard, the insurance company may use an automated underwriting system to expedite the evaluation of your application and issue your policy sooner. For more complex or highly individualized policies, a more effective approach is attached to the software to calculate the risks of insuring you. Insurance underwriters may also rely on online databases to check things like your driving record, credit score, and age.

Insurance companies and their underwriters must comply with state and federal laws. They are guided by professional ethical standards. You cannot be denied coverage because of your race, national origin, religion, marital status, or sexual orientation. The specific conditions and rights depend on the type of insurance you are applying for. For example, a health insurance plan cannot reject you based on a family history or breast cancer or genetic disease if you were not diagnosed with breast cancer or a genetic disease when you applied. If you feel your rights have been violated, your first resort is to contact your state insurance commissioner.

Underwriting factors for different types of insurance

Different types of insurance products have different underwriting considerations. Here are some examples:

  1. For car insurance, your age, driving history, credit score, driving experience, gender, insurance history, claims history, coverage levels, and vehicle models can have a big impact on your premium.
  2. For health insurance, your age, gender, health, smoking history and family medical history are the most important factors.
  3. For life insurance, your age, gender, health history, insurance types, marital status, number of children, occupation, income, smoking or drinking habits factor heavily into your final quote.

The more insurance companies determine your insurance rates, the more likely you will get the best coverage at the right price. is an online insurance comparison website. We offer you Latest Insurance News And free insurance quotes to compare from top insurance carriers.

About Dale Williams

Dale Q. Williams, MBA, is a distinguished financial executive whose experience ranges from insurance to investment banking. Dale has gained first-hand underwriting experience by working for some of the largest US-based insurance companies. Dale also earned his MBA from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, focusing on finance and accounting.


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